Urban size, the place in the urban hierarchy, and distance from urban centers lead to differential job and income growth and diversification (Partridge et al., 2007b).
Spatial development patterns also affect variations in poverty, income inequality, and intergenerational economic mobility.
Census data, as well as research by Chetty et al. (2014), show cross-regional disparities in income and wealth and that upward mobility varies across space.
Research by the Economic Research Service (ERS) has shown that food insecurity varies across space.
A useful rural-urban classification system would help illuminate spatial patterns and how socioeconomic outcomes vary with them, Weber said.