0 votes
in Technology by (1.1m points)

What is the use of Staging area or Indexing in Git?git

1 Answer

0 votes
by (1.1m points)

From Git’s perspective, there are three areas where the file changes can be kept i.e. working directory, staging area, and repository.

Git Areas

First, you make changes in your project’s working directory stored on your computer file system. All the changes remain here until you add them to an intermediate area called staging area.

You can stage the changes by executing git add . command. This staging area gives you a preview of your next commit and basically lets you fine-tune your commits. You can add or remove changes in the staging area until you are satisfied with the version you are going to commit.

Once you verify your changes and sign off the stage changed, then you can finally commit the changes. Upon commit, they go the local repository i.e. into .git/objects directory.

If you use Git GUI, then you will see the option to stage your changes. In the below screenshot, the file sample.txt is under unstaged changes area which means that it’s in your working directory.

You can select a file and click on ‘stage changed’, then it will be moved in the staging area. For example, the file hello.txt is present in stage changed (will commit) area. You can verify your changes and then do a sign-off, followed by a commit.

Git Staging

Staging is also referred to as indexing because git maintains an index file to keep track of your file changes across these three areas. The files which are staged are currently in your index.

When you add changes to the staging area, then the information in the index gets updated. When you do a commit, its actually what’s in the index that gets committed, and not what’s in the working directory. You can use the git status command to see what’s in the index.

Related questions

0 votes
1 answer
0 votes
1 answer
0 votes
1 answer
asked Nov 4, 2020 in Technology by JackTerrance (1.1m points)
0 votes
1 answer
asked Nov 4, 2020 in Technology by JackTerrance (1.1m points)

Learn More with Blogmepost

blogmepost Online Test

NCERT Questions & Answers

  • NCERT Class 12 Maths Solutions
  • NCERT Class 12 Physics Solutions
  • NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions
  • NCERT Class 12 Biology Solutions
  • NCERT Class 10 Science Solutions
  • NCERT Class 10 Maths Solutions
blogmepost Q&A

CBSE Questions & Answers Portal

  • CBSE Class 12 Maths Questions Answers
  • CBSE Class 12 Physics Questions Answers
  • CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Questions Answers
  • CBSE Class 12 Biology Questions Answers
  • CBSE Class 10 Science Questions Answers
  • CBSE Class 10 Maths Questions Answers
Blogmepost

Learn Math Formula, Revise Notes

  • JEE Crash Course Questions & Answers
  • NCERT Course Questions and Answers
  • CBSE Board Questions Bank
  • ICSE Board Questions Bank
  • Free Study Materials
  • Question & Answers Bank for All Classes
  • Text Book Solutions
  • Previous Year Question Paper
  • NCERT Book Solutions

  • NCERT
  • NCERT Solutions
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Maths
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physics
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Biology
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths
  • NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science
  • CBSE Classes

  • CBSE Class 5 Questions
  • CBSE Class 6 Questions
  • CBSE Class 7 Questions
  • CBSE Class 8 Questions
  • CBSE Class 9 Questions
  • CBSE Class 10 Questions
  • CBSE Class 10 Maths Questions
  • CBSE Class 11 Commerce Questions
  • CBSE Class 11 Engineering Questions
  • CBSE Class 11 Medical Questions
  • CBSE Class 12 Commerce Questions
  • CBSE Class 12 Maths Questions
  • CBSE Class 12 Engineering Questions
  • CBSE Class 12 Medical Questions
  • BOARDS

  • CBSE
  • ICSE
  • NCERT
  • IGCSE
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Gujarat
  • Jharkhand
  • Karnataka
  • Kerala
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Maharashtra
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
...