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Why should we not update the state directly in React?

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Why should we not update the state directly in React?

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If you try to update state directly then it won't re-render the component.

//Wrong
this.state.message = 'Hello world'

Instead use setState() method. It schedules an update to a component's state object. When state changes, the component responds by re-rendering.

//Correct
this.setState({ message: 'Hello World' })

Note: You can directly assign to the state object either in constructor or using latest javascript's class field declaration syntax.

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